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Iraq
Field Evaluations

Iraq is massively contaminated with landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), the result of internal conflicts, the 1980 - 1988 war with Iran, the 1991 Gulf War (first Gulf War), and the violence that has persisted ever since the subsequent outbreak of insurgency. Surveys from 2006 and 2011 reported that an estimated 1,513,000,000 square meters (584 square miles) of land in Iraq contain as many as 20 million landmines and millions more pieces of unexploded ordnance (UXO). As many as 1,430 Iraqi cities, towns and villages remain at risk from explosive hazards. Agricultural land is particularly affected by landmines and UXO, which makes clearance an economic necessity for communities intent on regaining their livelihoods. Large stocks of abandoned ordnance and unstable, poorly secured munitions stockpiles also threaten Iraq`s population by providing a supply of explosive materials for improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The Kurdistan region is one of the most seriously mine-contaminated areas, with thousands of tactical minefields on the borders with Iran and Turkey, and further mine contamination along the Green Line. Submunition contamination is significant but the extent is unknown. A UNDP/UNICEF report in 2009 commented that the highway between Kuwait and Basra was heavily targeted by cluster bomb strikes in the 1991 Gulf War. Cluster munitions were also used extensively during the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In 2004, Iraq`s National Mine Action Authority identified 2,200 sites of cluster munition contamination along the Tigris and Euphrates river valley. Non-technical surveys of five central-southern governorates recorded a total of 173.1km2 of cluster munition contamination. In the north, coalition air strikes around Dohuk in 1991 left contamination that has posed a serious hazard to residents seeking to return to the area.

Sources: To Walk the Earth in Safety, 2016
Landmine Monitor Report, 2015

ORBIT SCREENER

ORBIT SCREENER

The Orbital Action Screening Plant Model 68 efficiently sifts through a variety of soil types for landmines of all sizes. Material is loaded into the 1.8 cubic-yard hopper and fed into a rotating and tilted screen of appropriate size that quickly separates large and/or light items from soil. The highly portable and user friendly Orbit Screen is highly resistant to plugging with plastic, paper, sticks, and vegetation. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Ecuador (2010); The HALO Trust - Afghanistan, The HALO Trust - Mozambique (2011-2014); Mines Advisory Group - Iraq

 

Multi-tool Attachments

Multi-tool Attachments

The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program has developed a wide variety of excavator and loader based tools for mechanical mine clearance. These attachments give deminers the capability to perform area preparation, technical survey and mine clearance from a safe area. Tools that have proven useful include vegetation cutters, grapples, tillers, and buckets for sifting, grinding, and crushing. The HD R&D Program has modified several small, medium and large class excavators with armor protection and the interfaces needed to use these tools in various demining environments. Operational Field Evaluations (OFE) can be performed with HD R&D Program developed excavators or loaders, or with just the tools mounted to the demining organization`s own host equipment. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation; The HALO Trust

 

Rebel Crusher

Rebel Crusher

The Rebel Crusher is a commercial mobile soil sifter and rock crushing plant modified for demining operations. It is designed to operate in areas where a significant fraction of the soil is composed of mine-sized objects (rocks) which make sifting difficult, or where dense metallic clutter makes mines undetectable. Modifications to the system include hardening the crushing chamber to withstand anti-personnel mine blasts, and increasing the capacity of the sifting mechanism. The Rebel Crusher is capable of processing 75-125 tons of soil per hour. Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Iraq

 

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