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Iraq
Field Evaluations

Iraq is massively contaminated with landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) resulting from internal conflicts, the 1980 - 1988 war with Iran, the 1991 Gulf War, and the continuing violence since the subsequent outbreak of insurgency. Unfortunately the ongoing conflict in Iraq has made the situation significantly worse with enormous quantities of improvised explosive devices (IED) in areas recaptured from the Islamic State, including many pressure-plate devices that are prohibited as antipersonnel mines by the Mine Ban Treaty. The 2016 Landmine and Cluster Munitions Monitor reports total landmine contamination at the end of 2015 at 1,522km2 of suspected and confirmed contaminated areas (CHA), of which 182km2 were CHAs containing only antipersonnel mines. Cluster munitions cover 200km2 in central and southern Iraq with an additional 2.42km2 in the northern Kurdish region. Agricultural land is particularly affected by landmines and unexploded ordnance, which makes clearance an economic necessity for communities intent on regaining their livelihoods. Large stocks of abandoned ordnance and unstable, poorly secured munition stockpiles also threaten Iraq`s population by providing a supply of explosive materials used to make IEDs. The Kurdistan region is one of the most seriously mine-contaminated areas, with thousands of tactical minefields on the borders with Iran and Turkey. The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development Program has deployed seven mechanical mine sifting and crushing technologies, and the Minehound dual sensor handheld detector for evaluation by the Mines Advisory Group in the northern Kurdish region. To date, these technologies have contributed to the clearance of over 2,100 mines and 76,000 square meters of land.

Sources: To Walk the Earth in Safety, 2016
Landmine Monitor Report, 2016

ORBIT SCREENER

ORBIT SCREENER

The Orbital Action Screening Plant Model 68 efficiently sifts through a variety of soil types for landmines of all sizes. Material is loaded into the 1.8 cubic-yard hopper and fed into a rotating and tilted screen of appropriate size that quickly separates large and/or light items from soil. The highly portable and user friendly Orbit Screen is highly resistant to plugging with plastic, paper, sticks, and vegetation. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: Ecuador (2010); The HALO Trust - Afghanistan, The HALO Trust - Mozambique (2011-2014); Mines Advisory Group - Iraq

 

Multi-tool Attachments

Multi-tool Attachments

The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program has developed a wide variety of excavator and loader based tools for mechanical mine clearance. These attachments give deminers the capability to perform area preparation, technical survey and mine clearance from a safe area. Tools that have proven useful include vegetation cutters, grapples, tillers, and buckets for sifting, grinding, and crushing. The HD R&D Program has modified several small, medium and large class excavators with armor protection and the interfaces needed to use these tools in various demining environments. Operational Field Evaluations (OFE) can be performed with HD R&D Program developed excavators or loaders, or with just the tools mounted to the demining organization`s own host equipment. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation; The HALO Trust

 

Rebel Crusher

Rebel Crusher

The Rebel Crusher is a commercial mobile soil sifter and rock crushing plant modified for demining operations. It is designed to operate in areas where a significant fraction of the soil is composed of mine-sized objects (rocks) which make sifting difficult, or where dense metallic clutter makes mines undetectable. Modifications to the system include hardening the crushing chamber to withstand anti-personnel mine blasts, and increasing the capacity of the sifting mechanism. The Rebel Crusher is capable of processing 75-125 tons of soil per hour. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Iraq

 

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