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Vietnam
Field Evaluations

All of the information below is taken from the Landmine and Cluster Munitions Monitor site. The "sources" links below include the Department of State "Walk the Earth in Safety" publication as it does include a section on Vietnam. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is heavily contaminated by cluster munition remnants but the extent is not known. The United States (US) dropped 413,130 tons of submunitions over Vietnam between 1965 and 1973, striking 55 provinces and cities, including Haiphong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, and Vinh. Vietnam?s Military Engineering Command has recorded finding 15 types of US-made submunitions. Most submunition types used by the US were air-dropped, but artillery-delivered submunitions were also used in central Quang Binh and provinces to the south of it. The Military Engineering Command says it has encountered substantial amounts of cluster munitions abandoned by the US military, notably at or around old US air bases, including eight underground bunkers found in 2009, one reportedly covering an area of 4,000m2 and containing some 25 tons of munitions. Vietnam`s mine problem is small compared with its other explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination but the extent is unknown. Most mines were left by conflicts in the 1970s with neighboring Cambodia and China and affect areas close to its borders with those countries. Vietnam cleared an area up to 1km deep along its northern border under an agreement with China, but areas further inland from the border are still contaminated with mines emplaced by the military of both countries. Since 2004, military engineers have reportedly cleared around 95km2 of contaminated land in the northern provinces of Cao Bang, Ha Giang, Lai Chau, Lang Son, and Quang Ninh bordering China under a project known as "Programme 120," destroying mainly Type 72, K58, and PPM-2 antipersonnel mines.

Sources: To Walk the Earth in Safety, 2016
Landmine Monitor Report, 2015

Multi-tool Attachments

Multi-tool Attachments

The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program has developed a wide variety of excavator and loader based tools for mechanical mine clearance. These attachments give deminers the capability to perform area preparation, technical survey and mine clearance from a safe area. Tools that have proven useful include vegetation cutters, grapples, tillers, and buckets for sifting, grinding, and crushing. The HD R&D Program has modified several small, medium and large class excavators with armor protection and the interfaces needed to use these tools in various demining environments. Operational Field Evaluations (OFE) can be performed with HD R&D Program developed excavators or loaders, or with just the tools mounted to the demining organization`s own host equipment. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation; The HALO Trust

 

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