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Humanitarian Demining R&D Program Overview
Landmine Threats
Field Evaluations
Field Evaluations

Kosovo is contaminated by landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW), primarily as a result of the conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in the late 1990s and the conflict between the FRY and NATO in 1999. Mine contamination: A non-technical survey of Kosovo by the Kosovo Mine Action Centre (KMAC) and HALO Trust completed in 2013 revealed 130 confirmed hazardous areas (CHAs). By the end of 2014, 128 CHAs remained covering 10.44km2. HALO Trust did not have access to all of the north for the survey it completed in 2013, and KMAC looked forward to completion of a survey of the remaining locations by Norwegian People`s Aid in 2015. Mines are found mainly on Kosovo`s borders with Albania and Macedonia but also in the area of Dulie Pass in south-central Kosovo. The KMAC-HALO survey identified 79 confirmed mined areas covering a total area of 2.76km2, a larger number of tasks than the total of 48 CHAs and suspected hazardous areas (SHAs) that had been identified at the end of 2012. By the end of 2014, KMAC reported the number of confirmed mined areas had fallen to 77 covering 2.75km2. Cluster munition contamination: Contamination from cluster munition remnants in Kosovo remained in 51 areas over 7.69km2 at the end of 2014. Three areas containing cluster munition remnants were released during 2014. NATO aircraft bombed 333 locations between 24 March and 10 June 1999 (Operation Allied Force), dropping 1,392 bombs that released 295,700 submunitions. Forces of the FRY also used cluster munitions during the conflict.

Source: 2015 Landime and Cluster Munition Monitor



The Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System (HSTAMIDS) is the U.S. Army`s AN/PSS-14 dual sensor, handheld mine detector that combines an electromagnetic induction sensor and ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect landmines. The addition of the GPR significantly reduces the detector`s false alarm rate and the time the operator spends investigating clutter, increasing the operator`s speed and effectiveness. The HD R&D Program is developing improvements to the standard HSTAMIDS to further improve its performance and reliability. The HD R&D program also developed the HSTAMIDS F3S variant which incorporates a more sensitive metal detector to improve performance against deeply buried low metal anti-personnel and anti-tank mines. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The Halo Trust in Cambodia, Mozambique (2012-2014), Kosovo,Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe; Mines Advisory Group in Angloa and Cambodia; Cambodia Mine Action Centre; Norwegian Peoples Aid in Zimbabwe


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