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Humanitarian Demining R&D Program Overview
Landmine Threats
Field Evaluations
Field Evaluations

Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia) remains contaminated with landmines more than 30 years after its war of liberation in the 1970s. According to HALO, Rhodesian Security Forces laid more than 2.5 million anti-personnel landmines and 76,000 anti-personnel fragmentation landmines during the conflict, creating one of the densest minefields in the world with about 5,500 landmines per linear kilometer (0.62 miles). Remaining contamination is estimated at 105 million square meters (4.05 square miles) and comprises less than 600 linear kilometers (373 miles) along Zimbabwe’s border with Mozambique. In December 2013, Zimbabwe reported remaining contamination of almost 209km2. This was reduced to a total of under 63km2 remaining at the end of 2014, largely on the basis of a significant amount of land release by non-technical survey during that year and previously by international NGOs that began operating in 2013. As of April 2015, remaining contamination comprised five minefields, referred to as: Musengezi to Rwenya, Sango Border Post to Crooks Corner, Rusitu to Muzite Mission, Sheba Forest to Beacon Hill, and Lusulu. The Burma Valley minefield was completed in February 2015 and a former suspected hazardous area, at Kariba, was cleared of improvised explosive devices in June 2013. Zimbabwe has reported that the population most at risk from the remaining mine threat are rural subsistence farmers and communities close to the Musengezi to Rwenya and Sango Border Post to Crooks Corner minefields. HALO Trust and Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA), the two NGOs conducting mine action in Zimbabwe, have reported that the mined areas are located close to populated areas and have considerable humanitarian, social, and economic impacts on communities. In March 2015, HALO reported that in areas where it operates in the north-east of Zimbabwe, mines continue to block access to residential land, inhibit cross-border trading, deny small-scale farmers access to agricultural land, and separate communities from primary water sources, adversely affecting sanitation and livestock production. The threat to livestock is particularly severe and with a heavy socio-economic impact as livestock is a major investment commodity in rural mine-affected areas in Zimbabwe. HALO estimated on the basis of a socio-economic survey that $55,000 worth of livestock had been lost due to mine accidents by just 10% of households along a 10km stretch of border minefield alone, prior to HALO’s clearance of the area.

Sources: To Walk the Earth in Safety, 2016
Landmine Monitor Report, 2015



The Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System (HSTAMIDS) is the U.S. Army`s AN/PSS-14 dual sensor, handheld mine detector that combines an electromagnetic induction sensor and ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect landmines. The addition of the GPR significantly reduces the detector`s false alarm rate and the time the operator spends investigating clutter, increasing the operator`s speed and effectiveness. The HD R&D Program is developing improvements to the standard HSTAMIDS to further improve its performance and reliability. The HD R&D program also developed the HSTAMIDS F3S variant which incorporates a more sensitive metal detector to improve performance against deeply buried low metal anti-personnel and anti-tank mines. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The Halo Trust in Cambodia, Mozambique (2012-2014), Kosovo,Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe; Mines Advisory Group in Angloa and Cambodia; Cambodia Mine Action Centre; Norwegian Peoples Aid in Zimbabwe


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