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Chile
Field Evaluations

Chile is affected by antipersonnel and antivehicle mines and, to a very limited extent, by abandoned or unexploded ordnance which may include cluster munition remnants. The mines were all laid on Chile`s borders with Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru during the Pinochet regime in the 1970s, when Chile`s relations with its neighbors were strained. As of December 2013, 98 confirmed mined areas remained across the five regions of Arica and Parinacota, Tarapac?, Antofagasta, Valparaiso, and Magallanes and Antartica Chilena, containing an estimated 61,402 mines. A further 9,512 mines are located within suspect hazardous areas (SHAs, termed "danger areas" by Chile) in the Arica and Parinacota, Antofagasta, and Valparaiso regions. As of December 2013, total contaminated area was estimated to cover 13.93km2. The minefields, located primarily in remote and relatively uninhabited areas, are fenced and marked with signs in Spanish, German and English. Chile has had 145 landmine casualties in the last 30 years, 30 percent of which were civilian. Chile reported in December 2013 that they had cleared more than 40% of recorded mines (77,415 of the original estimate of 181,814 antipersonnel and antivehicle mines and 9.3km2 of the 23.2km2 of contaminated area). This leaves 13.9km2 and 104,399 mines to clear by March 2020.

Source: Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor

MULTI-TOOLED EXCAVATOR

MULTI-TOOLED EXCAVATOR

Providing reach-in capability for safe operations with manned equipment, Multi-Tooled Excavators offer highly flexible platforms from which operators can conduct ground preparation and specialized mine clearing processes. The combination of tools for sifting, shredding, and combined function excavation and sifting, is tailored to suit local conditions and demining requirements. The attachments can be fitted to the demining organization`s own armored excavator. Aprproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The HALO Trust - Afghanistan; Mines Advisory Group - Iraq; Cambodia Mine Action Center (2007); Chilean National Demining Commission

 

Multi-tool Attachments

Multi-tool Attachments

The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program has developed a wide variety of excavator and loader based tools for mechanical mine clearance. These attachments give deminers the capability to perform area preparation, technical survey and mine clearance from a safe area. Tools that have proven useful include vegetation cutters, grapples, tillers, and buckets for sifting, grinding, and crushing. The HD R&D Program has modified several small, medium and large class excavators with armor protection and the interfaces needed to use these tools in various demining environments. Operational Field Evaluations (OFE) can be performed with HD R&D Program developed excavators or loaders, or with just the tools mounted to the demining organization`s own host equipment. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation; The HALO Trust

 

Mine Clearing Loader

Mine Clearing Loader

The Mine Clearing Loader project is evaluating commercial construction loaders with sifting and screening attachments for mine clearance and technical survey. The protected cab shields the operator from risk of unintended mine blast during clearance operations. The system also performs significant excavation and tilling tasks for mine recovery and area preparation, as well as service tasks related to transporting mine contaminated soils and loading of mine contaminated soils into secondary processing equipment. The Humanitarian Demining R&D Program is evaluating this technology for its more efficient application over excavator based reach-in tools. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Chilean National Demining Commission

 

Quadcopter

Quadcopter

The Quadcopter is a small commercial quad-rotor platform that provides mine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) clearance managers significantly enhanced management support capability. Quadcopter`s high definition video and photographic equipment provide an unprecedented set of tools to help minefield managers perform pre-clearance mission planning, aerial survey and post clearance survey tasks. Video is transmitted in real time, enabling supervisors to monitor clearance activities at any point in the mine / UXO contaminated area being cleared. It also gives clearance equipment operators the ability to examine the ground ahead of the equipment and identify hazards to the equipment. The system is easy to operate and easy to train.

PARTNERS: Chilean National Demining Commission; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation / Royal Solomon Islands Police Force; Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia; Norwegian People`s Aid - Cambodia; Thailand Mine Action Center

 

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