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Chile
Field Evaluations

Chile is affected by antipersonnel and antivehicle mines and, to a very limited extent by abandoned and unexploded ordnance (AXO/UXO) which may include cluster munition remnants. The mines were laid along Chile`s borders with Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru during the Pinochet regime in the 1970s. As of December 2015, 60 confirmed mined areas remained across five regions with an additional 10 suspect hazardous areas in three of those regions. As of December 2015, total contaminated area was estimated to cover 13.9km2, primarily in remote and relatively uninhabited areas. In June 2017 Chile reported that they have cleared approximately 154,000 out of the 182,000 mines originally emplaced. Three Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program developed technologies are being evaluated by the Chilean Army while being used in response to a unique mine clearance challenge at the Escritos Ravine area near the country’s border with Peru. Severe flooding in this normally arid area washed thousands of mixed anti-personnel and anti-tank mines, originally well mapped and marked, out of place and along a massive river bed that straddles a key highway near the border with Peru. The result is mines deeply buried under flood sediment with no trace of their location. Chilean Army deminers are using the HD R&D Program armored Multi-Tool Excavator and Mine Clearing Loader along with an operating procedure designed to mechanically uncover and clear these deeply buried mines. The Quadcopter Aerial Survey System recently joined the evaluation effort to assist with monitoring, reconnaissance, and mission planning. Nearly 9,000 mines have been cleared to date.

Source: Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor

MULTI-TOOLED EXCAVATOR

MULTI-TOOLED EXCAVATOR

Providing reach-in capability for safe operations with manned equipment, Multi-Tooled Excavators offer highly flexible platforms from which operators can conduct ground preparation and specialized mine clearing processes. The combination of tools for sifting, shredding, and combined function excavation and sifting, is tailored to suit local conditions and demining requirements. The attachments can be fitted to the demining organization`s own armored excavator. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: The HALO Trust - Afghanistan; Mines Advisory Group - Iraq; Cambodia Mine Action Center (2007); Chilean National Demining Commission

 

Multi-tool Attachments

Multi-tool Attachments

The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program has developed a wide variety of excavator and loader based tools for mechanical mine clearance. These attachments give deminers the capability to perform area preparation, technical survey and mine clearance from a safe area. Tools that have proven useful include vegetation cutters, grapples, tillers, and buckets for sifting, grinding, and crushing. The HD R&D Program has modified several small, medium and large class excavators with armor protection and the interfaces needed to use these tools in various demining environments. Operational Field Evaluations (OFE) can be performed with HD R&D Program developed excavators or loaders, or with just the tools mounted to the demining organization`s own host equipment. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation; The HALO Trust

 

Mine Clearing Loader

Mine Clearing Loader

The Mine Clearing Loader project is evaluating commercial construction loaders with sifting and screening attachments for mine clearance and technical survey. The protected cab shields the operator from risk of unintended mine blast during clearance operations. The system also performs significant excavation and tilling tasks for mine recovery and area preparation, as well as service tasks related to transporting mine contaminated soils and loading of mine contaminated soils into secondary processing equipment. The Humanitarian Demining R&D Program is evaluating this technology for its more efficient application over excavator based reach-in tools. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: Chilean National Demining Commission

 

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