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Humanitarian Demining R&D Program Overview
Landmine Threats
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Field Evaluations

Kosovo is contaminated by landmines and explosive remnants of war primarily as a result of the conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Kosovo Liberation Army in the late 1990s, and the conflict between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and NATO in 1999. As of the end of 2015, clearance efforts have reduced the number of confirmed hazardous areas to 69, covering 2.5km2. Mines are found mainly on Kosovo`s borders with Albania and Macedonia but also in the area of Dulie Pass in south-central Kosovo. The number of cluster munition contaminated areas rose from 51 to 55 during 2015, now covering over 16km2. The increase is due to the addition of previously unreported areas as a result of survey activity. The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development Program deployed the Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System (HSTAMIDS) to Kosovo with The HALO Trust in mid-2016. HALO is evaluating the effectiveness of the HSTAMIDS in Central and Southern Kosovo minefields.

Source: 2015 Landime and Cluster Munition Monitor



The Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System (HSTAMIDS) is the U.S. Army`s AN/PSS-14 dual sensor, handheld mine detector that combines an electromagnetic induction sensor and ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect landmines. The addition of the GPR significantly reduces the detector`s false alarm rate and the time the operator spends investigating clutter, increasing the operator`s speed and effectiveness. The HD R&D Program is developing improvements to the standard HSTAMIDS to further improve its performance and reliability. The HD R&D program also developed the HSTAMIDS F3S variant which incorporates a more sensitive metal detector to improve performance against deeply buried low metal anti-personnel and anti-tank mines. Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.

PARTNERS: The Halo Trust in Cambodia, Mozambique (2012-2014), Kosovo,Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe; Mines Advisory Group in Angloa and Cambodia; Cambodia Mine Action Centre (2009-2010); Norwegian Peoples Aid in Zimbabwe (2014-2016)


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