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Cambodia
Field Evaluations

Cambodia is affected by landmines, unexploded ordnance (UXO) and other explosive remnants of war (ERW) left by 30 years of conflict that ended in the 1990s. The "Landmine Monitor and Cluster Munitions Monitor" reports that a baseline survey completed in 2013 of Cambodia`s 124 mine-affected districts found a total of more than 1,915 million square meters (739 square miles) of contaminated land. The antipersonnel mine problem is concentrated in, but not limited to, 21 districts of northwestern Cambodia along the border with Thailand. Contamination includes the 1,046km-long K5 mine belt installed by the Vietnamese-backed government in the mid-1980s to block insurgent infiltration, which constitutes Cambodia`s densest contamination with, reportedly, up to 2,400 mines per linear kilometer. Unexploded cluster munitions are concentrated in the Eastern provinces of the country, generally aligned with the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Overall casualty rates have significantly decreased in recent years due to intense clearance operations, and to the deterioration of some mine types. The Cambodian Mine/UXO Victim Information System reported at least 64,314 mine/UXO casualties from 1979 through 2013. Casualties from cluster munitions are reported to be 194 from 1998 to 2013, however due to limited data collection the actual toll is thought to be much higher. Casualties are occurring primarily in the border provinces due to demand for agricultural resources. In addition, economic need drives dangerous recycling of UXO for its scrap metal value.

Sources: To Walk the Earth in Safety, 2016
Landmine Monitor Report, 2015

STORM

STORM

The Severe Terrain Off-Road Menzi Muck, or STORM, is a commercial excavator designed to remove vegetation in rough and steep terrain. Its four spider-like legs allow the excavator to work on slopes of up to 70 degrees and maneuver around obstacles with ease. Dual hydraulic pumps enable it to use a wide variety of commercial attachments, including a unique cutting head that can cut trees up to 20 centimeters in diameter. Additionally, the system`s hydraulic lines are designed to shut off flow to the ruptured circuit in the event of a mine blast. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The HALO Trust - Afghanistan, Cambodia (2009-2015)

 

NEMESIS M3

NEMESIS M3

The U.S. Army Nemesis M3 is a mechanical clearance and area preparation tool from which humanitarian or force protection demining operations can be safely and efficiently conducted. Nemesis is comprised of modular hardware elements including the robotic vehicle, navigation and positioning subsystem, and clearance tools. A Modular Robotic Control System provides independent command and control of the demining payloads such as ordnance clearing or area preparation tools. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia; Naval Facilities & Engineering Command - Vieques, PR (2009)

 

MINI MINEWOLF

MINI MINEWOLF

The Mini MineWolf (MMW) is an armored, remote controlled mine clearing system using tiller and flail attachments. The tiller`s teeth engage the ground to a depth of 25 centimeters, physically destroying anti-personnel (AP) and anti-tank (AT) landmines, and mulching vegetation up to 15 centimeters in diameter. With either attachment, the MMW can survive both AT and AP mine blasts. Clearance rates of 5,000 - 12,000 square meters per day can be expected depending on soil and vegetation type. Operation is by remote control with video monitoring. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group (MAG); Thailand Mine Action Center; Tajikistan Army (2010-2011)

 

PECO WOLVERINE

PECO WOLVERINE

The Wolverine is a commercially available remote-control brush cutter manufactured by Peco, Inc. Peco based the Wolverine on modifications the HD R&D Program made to their Brush Blazer model to make it suitable for use in small anti-personnel minefields covered by light vegetation. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia, Thailand MIne Action Center

 

REX

REX

Remote controlled excavators are sometimes required when it is too dangerous for manual operation. The Rex is a versatile, light weight (8 ton class) armored excavator designed to clear vegetation, obstacles, and mechanically remove and neutralize anti-personnel (AP) landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO). The HD R&D Program developed and integrated two important modifications to the commercial Terex TC75 excavator to create the Rex. These are the addition of remote control capability, and armor protection for the operator when the system is manually operated. Small platform based system advantages are lightweight, versatile and fuel efficient. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Angola, Cambodia (2011-2014), Sri Lanka; The HALO Trust - Sri Lanka

 

Multi-tool Attachments

Multi-tool Attachments

The Humanitarian Demining Research and Development (HD R&D) Program has developed a wide variety of excavator and loader based tools for mechanical mine clearance. These attachments give deminers the capability to perform area preparation, technical survey and mine clearance from a safe area. Tools that have proven useful include vegetation cutters, grapples, tillers, and buckets for sifting, grinding, and crushing. The HD R&D Program has modified several small, medium and large class excavators with armor protection and the interfaces needed to use these tools in various demining environments. Operational Field Evaluations (OFE) can be performed with HD R&D Program developed excavators or loaders, or with just the tools mounted to the demining organization`s own host equipment. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation; The HALO Trust

 

Long Handle Tools

Long Handle Tools

Long handled power tools increase the manual deminers speed, efficiency, and safety. To date, operational field evaluations have taken place in Cambodia, Ecuador and Angola. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The HALO Trust - Cambodia; Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia; Ecuadorian Army - Ecuador (2009-2012)

 

Scorpion

Scorpion

Scorpion is a man-portable unexploded ordnance (UXO) detection system that utilizes a one meter wide electro-magnetic induction (EMI) sensor and a total field magnetometer to detect buried UXO objects in an overpass mode. The system uses differential global positioning system (DGPS) to provide centimeter accuracy of target locations and mapping capability. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Golden West Humanitarian Foundation - Cambodia 2012; Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia

 

HSTAMIDS

HSTAMIDS

The Handheld Standoff Mine Detection System (HSTAMIDS) is the U.S. Army`s AN/PSS-14 dual sensor, handheld mine detector that combines an electromagnetic induction sensor and ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect landmines. The addition of the GPR significantly reduces the detector`s false alarm rate and the time the operator spends investigating clutter, increasing the operator`s speed and effectiveness. The HD R&D Program is developing improvements to the standard HSTAMIDS to further improve its performance and reliability. The HD R&D program also developed the HSTAMIDS F3S variant which incorporates a more sensitive metal detector to improve performance against deeply buried low metal anti-personnel and anti-tank mines. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The Halo Trust in Cambodia, Mozambique (2012-2014), Kosovo,Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe; Mines Advisory Group in Angloa and Cambodia; Cambodia Mine Action Centre; Norwegian Peoples Aid in Zimbabwe

 

Minehound

Minehound

Minehound is a commercially available dual sensor handheld detector that uses ground penetrating radar (GPR) and metal detection technology to locate landmines, unexploded ordnance (UXO) and improvised explosive devices (IED). The GPR can be operated independently which gives Minehound the ability to detect deeper buried, low metallic threats. The GPR audio tone provides information on the size and depth of the object it detects. Twenty frequencies are available to the metal detection sub-system, which allows the Minehound to be operated in close proximity to other detectors and near power lines without causing or being subject to interference. The metal detector also compensates for water and mineralized soil without reducing sensitivity. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: The HALO Trust - Afghanistan, Angola (2012-2015), Cambodia

 

Piranha

Piranha

The Piranha is a medium size, remote controlled mine and vegetation clearance system based on a commercially available high horsepower skid steer loader. Piranha is fitted with a high performance vegetation cutter that can quickly cut vegetation up to 20 cm in diameter, and an in-house designed and fabricated tiller capable of clearing anti-personnel landmines to a depth of 20cm. The system is designed to be a small maneuverable platform capable of rapidly conducting technical survey tasks. Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia

 

Target Reacquisition Positioning System (TRPS)

Target Reacquisition Positioning System (TRPS)

The Target Reacquisition Positioning System (TRPS) is a dual-purpose, target reacquisition and survey tool. TRPS is a lightweight, low-cost and highly accurate system that simplifies the use of Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) for reacquiring ground target positions previously identified UXO detection systems. TRPS is also a surveying tool that provides the ability to quickly survey boundaries, locations of items found, or mark other points of interest with centimeter level accuracy. The Minefield Management Tool provides real-time data logging capabilities for demining managers. Modules provide mapping, survey, equipment, target/data, incident and personnel management capabilities.

PARTNERS: The HALO Trust - Angola (2012-2015) and the West Bank; Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia

 

Bearcat

Bearcat

The Bearcat is a remote controlled, skid-steer chassis integrated with a vegetation cutter and a remote monitoring system for operation in suspect mine and UXO contaminated areas. Bearcat utilizes a completely commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS), plug-and-play, remote control system, and is designed for a wide range of area preparation tasks. The system allows demining and battle area clearance teams to quickly and efficiently remove vegetation for follow-on manual clearance teams. Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia

 

Quadcopter

Quadcopter

The Quadcopter is a small commercial quad-rotor platform that provides mine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) clearance managers significantly enhanced management support capability. Quadcopter`s high definition video and photographic equipment provide an unprecedented set of tools to help minefield managers perform pre-clearance mission planning, aerial survey and post clearance survey tasks. Video is transmitted in real time, enabling supervisors to monitor clearance activities at any point in the mine / UXO contaminated area being cleared. It also gives clearance equipment operators the ability to examine the ground ahead of the equipment and identify hazards to the equipment. The system is easy to operate and easy to train.

PARTNERS: Chilean National Demining Commission; Golden West Humanitarian Foundation / Royal Solomon Islands Police Force; Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia; Norwegian People`s Aid - Cambodia; Thailand Mine Action Center

 

TRAXX

TRAXX

Traxx is an extremely compact, remote controlled vehicle capable of working in and around slopes of up to 60 degrees. It is equipped with a variety of commercial vegetation cutting implements and custom designed mine clearing tools. At less than 1.3 tons Traxx is easily transported to remote sites and capable of climbing and working on the most challenging hillsides. The factory equipped remote control has a working range of more than 300 meters and the 1.3 meter brush cutting attachments has demonstrated excellent capability for cutting saplings and heavy brush with little residual debris.

PARTNERS: Mines Advisory Group - Cambodia

 

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